The JINA-CEE International Symposium on "Neutron Stars in Multi-Messenger Era: Prospects and Challenges" will take place at Ohio University in Athens, Ohio, USA, from May 23rd to 27th, 2016. The symposium will be preceded by the Satellite Workshop on "Experiments for X-ray Burst Nucleosynthesis" on Sunday, May 22, 2016.
From their birth to old age, neutron stars emit multi-wavelength photons, neutrinos, and gravitational waves. Monitoring these messengers through space- and ground-based observatories has revealed the extreme conditions of density, temperature and magnetic fields encountered in the evolutions of neutron stars. The past decade has seen tremendous growth in our knowledge owing to (i) the discovery of many new millisecond pulsars by NASA’s Fermi gamma-ray observatory, (ii) new radio observations of millisecond pulsars yielding precision mass measurements, (iii) X-ray timing and spectral measurements of accreting and quiescent neutron stars with Chandra, XMMNewton and NuSTAR observatories, and (iv) extensive archival mining of timing and spectral measurements made with RXTE to search for global pulsation modes. Ground-based efforts to detect the gravitational waves from in-spiraling neutron stars (and/or black holes) are progressing, and it is anticipated that the Advanced LIGO detectors may detect the first in-spirals within the next few years. In addition, several new observatories are expected to be operational in the coming decade, including NASA’s Neutron Star Interior Composition ExploreR (NICER), and India’s ASTROSAT. Beyond that time-frame ESA’s Large Observatory for X-ray Timing (LOFT) would provide a huge leap in fast X-ray timing and spectroscopic capabilities. Should a core-collapse supernova occur close by, several neutrino detectors on Earth are well poised to detect thousands of neutrinos which will revolutionize our understanding of neutrino properties, and their role in nucleosynthesis. Concomitant progress being made with analyses of data on terrestrial nuclei, and the promise offered by planned rare-isotope accelerator facilities around the world to provide data on highly neutron-rich nuclei will be invaluable to neutron-star studies.
This international symposium aims to bring theorists and observers together to assess the current state of knowledge, and to identify areas in which more theoretical work is needed to enable interpretation and extraction of information from observations. Additional goals are to inform observers and experimenters regarding complementary efforts, and to promote new collaborations to undertake in-depth investigations. Because of the breadth of physics and astrophysics needed to describe neutron stars, frontier efforts that are necessarily multidisciplinary are required.
The symposium is co-organized by E. Brown (Michigan State University, Michigan), D. Brown (Syracuse University, New York), A. K. Harding (NASA, Maryland) S. Ransom (NRAO, Virginia), S. Reddy (University of Washington, Washington), H. Schatz (Michigan State University, Michigan), T. E. Strohmayer (NASA, Maryland)
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We look forward to hosting you in Athens!
Symposium Organizer: M. Prakash, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio
Local Organizers: W. Chiasson, J. Goettge, C. Sandford